This proposal seeks support to develop a new form of sensing technique that can identify and characterize injurious pipe body internally and/or externally without contact using near-field microwave probing and induced ultrasonic waves due to microwave absorption and thermal expansion. Different from the current technology and tools such as remote field eddy current (RFEC), magnetic flux leakage (MFL), electromagnetic-acoustic transducer (EMAT) and magneto-strictive (MsS), etc. that can only apply to metallic piping materials or acoustic emission inspection that may lack sensitivity, the proposed hybrid Thermo-Electromagnetic-Acoustic Pipeline Inspection ProbE (TEA-PIPE) system can achieve both superior spatial resolution and high contrast simultaneously due to the innovative nature in laws of physics. The illustration of the TEA-PIPE approach is shown in Figure 1. We will integrate this advance sensor to the inline inspection (ILI) platforms and deliver the system to provide near-term solutions that will improve the safety and enhance the reliability of the pipeline transportation system. Defect characterization through analytics and signal processing will be developed for “in the ditch direct measurement”. The detection results from the proposed advanced NDE sensing methodology can be further integrated with probabilistic methods and mechanical analysis for the accurate time-dependent reliability analysis. An information fusion framework integrating the residual strength calculation, uncertainty quantification and propagation analysis, and Bayesian updating is proposed for the accurate pipeline reliability evaluation and risk assessment using NDE testing results. If successful, the pipeline failure can be significantly reduced.